Database synchronization in SQL server, Database synchronization in SQL server system enables synchronization between databases. It gives a natural and flexible API that enables you to creates applications that target disconnected and collaboration situations. The API enables you to use all or just a portion of the parts that are given, based on the architecture and requirements of an application. Database synchronization in SQL server supports client-server, client-to-client, and mixed topologies. In client-server topologies, all clients synchronization with a central server. In client-to-client topologies, each client can synchronize with another client without changes going through a central server. Mixed topologies comprise of a mixture of client-to-client and client-server topologies.

Comparing Database synchronization in SQL server to Other Technologies:

Microsoft offers several technologies that are designed for applications that perform synchronization. The most significant technologies are as following:

Remote Data Access (RDA):

Remote Data Access is used to synchronization a SQL Server Compact database with a database on another release of SQL Server.

Merge replication:

Merge replication is used to synchronization different editions of SQL Server and incorporates SQL Server Compact.

Use the following informationwhich helps you to determine which technology is appropriate for the applications that you want to build.


Synchronization by using services: No

Supports heterogeneous databases: No

Incremental change tracking: No

Conflict detection and resolution: No

Automatically initialize schema and data: Yes

Supports large data set: Yes

Automatically propagate schema changes: No

Automatically repartition data: No

In Merge replication:

Synchronization by using services: No

Supports heterogeneous databases: No

Incremental change tracking: Yes

Conflict detection and resolution: Yes

Automatically initialize schema and data: Yes

Supports large data set: Yes

Automatically propagate schema changes: Yes

Automatically repartition data: Yes

In a synchronization framework:

Synchronization by using services: Yes

Supports heterogeneous databases: Yes

Incremental change tracking: Yes

Conflict detection and resolution: Yes

Automatically initialize schema and data: Yes

Supports large data set: Yes

Automatically propagate schema changes: No

Automatically repartition data: No

Database synchronization in SQL server gives the adaptability of a programming model like disconnected datasets and a complex synchronization feature set like that found in combine replication. Database synchronization in SQL server functionality is better than RDA. Union replication gives huge usefulness design accessible through wizards, put away systems, and its own API. Adjust Framework is proposed for designers and empowers an engineer to effortlessly make perspectives of information on the customer that depend on a server database or another information source.Database synchronization in SQL server supports heterogeneous databases and synchronization over administrations, for example, Windows Communication Foundation (WCF). In the event that the application includes synchronization with non-SQL Server databases, or if the application must have isolate parts to empower synchronization over various transports or services, use Synchronization Framework.

For a few applications, the choice to use a technology is simple: You should have isolate parts to empower synchronization over various transports or benefits, or synchronization an information source other than a database, Synchronization Framework is the arrangement. On the off chance that you are a database head who is planning a framework for versatility and high accessibility, or who needs to design synchronization absent much by way of programming, replication is a superior decision. At last, you should precisely think about the application necessities and decide if the Synchronization Framework API is the fitting innovation to use. In the event that you need to move past imitating a pattern and its information starting with one database then onto the next, we prescribe that you use Synchronization Framework.

Database synchronization in SQL server Scenarios:

The capacity to help mobile and telecommuters is ending up more imperative for associations consistently. It is essential for associations to ensure that laborers approach a similar data that they have when they are in the workplace. Much of the time, these clients will have a workstation, office work area, cell phone, or PDA. From these devices, clients can now and again get to information by using a VPN association or some other technique for interfacing directly with the corporate system.

Network requirements:

To enable clients to get to data, the remote device must have a consistent connection with the corporate system while it is getting to information. For a few labourers, for example, the individuals who are telecommuting, this won’t be an issue. For different clients, for example, sales representatives who are continually progressing, this could be more troublesome. For instance, if a sales representative is going by a client and can’t get to stock information on the grounds that there is no system network, the business person cannot effectively do their job.

Data access speeds:

In a client-server corporate situation, clients have the ability of high-speed networks that enable quick access to data. Be that as it may, remote workers are often connected over slow, unreliable networks. By using a typical solution, each bit of information that a user wants must be downloaded every time that it is requested because there is no way to persist the data on the device. For example, if a salesperson must download his product list every time he opens his application, the time lag required to populate the application with data could be frustrating.

Single point of failure:

With this kind of solution, clients frequently depend on a single server database. If that database is not available because of planned server downtime or from server failures, all remote workers will be separated from their information.

Server scalability:

As more individuals work remotely, the execution of the corporate servers will be influenced, and more equipment must be included.

Data Synchronization in Microsoft SQL Server:

Sharing related data among isolated frameworks has turned out to be progressively imperative to associations, as it enables them to enhance the quality and accessibility of information. There are numerous situations where it is valuable to have an informational index that is accessible and steady in excess of one directory server. That is the reason knowing the basic strategies for performing database synchronization in SQL server is important.

Information accessibility and consistency can be achieved through information replication and information synchronization forms. Data replication is the way toward making at least one repetitive duplicates of a database with the end goal of adaptation to internal failure or openness change. Database synchronization in SQL serveris the way toward building up information consistency between at least two databases, and the consequent constant updates to keep up said consistency.

We can discover so many situations where we have to perform data synchronization:

• Database migration

• Regular synchronization between information systems

• Importing data from one information system into another

• Transferring pieces of information between various platforms or environments

• Importing data from a non-database source

There is no way or consistently concerned strategy for data synchronization. Some activities may perform differ from situation to situation, and even data synchronizations that must be simple at first impression can be complicated, because of the complexity of data structures. In real scenarios, data synchronization comprises of various critical activities, which can take a long time to perform. Since there are no standard ways of doing this, besides replication, the implementations of data synchronization are rarely optimal. This results in difficult maintenance and higher expenses.

Based on the structure of the source and goal (e.g., databases, tables) we can separate use cases when structures are similar or different.

Source and Destination Have Very Similar Structures:

This is frequently the situation when we use information in different phases of the software improvement lifecycle. For instance, the information structure in the testing and creation of conditions is fundamentally the same as. The basic requirement is to analyse information between the testing and generation database and import information from the production into the testing database.

Source and Destination Have Different Structures:

In the event that the structures are different, synchronization is more complex. This is additionally a more often repeating assignment. A typical case is bringing in from one database into another. The most common case is the point at which a bit of software needs to import information from another bit of software which is kept up by another company, For the most part, imports need to run consequently on a planned basis.

Regardless of how similar the structures are, we can choose four different ways of solving data synchronization:

• Synchronization using manually created SQL scripts

• Database synchronization in SQL server using the data compare method (can be used only when source and target have a similar structure)

• Synchronization using automatically generated SQL scripts - need a commercial product


• Can be performed by free and open source (FOSS) tools.

• If the table has indexes, it is quick.

• The SQL script can be saved into a stored procedure.

• Can be used as an automatic import, even on continuously changed information.


• Creating such a SQL script is quite tedious because three scripts are usually required for each table: INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE.

• You can just synchronize information that is accessible by means of a SQL query, so you can’t import from sources like CSV and XML documents.

• It is hard to maintain when the database structure is transformed, it is necessary to alter two or three scripts.

Options those arenecessary for data synchronization in SQL server:

Synchronization Key:

By default, the primary key or a UNIQUE constraint is used. In the event that there is no primary key, you can pick a combination of columns. The Synchronization key is used to combine rows of the source with rows of the objective.

Table Pairing:

By default, tables are combined by name. You can change this, and pair them according to your own needs. In the dB Forge Data Compare programming, you can select SQL query to be the source or destination.

Synchronization Process:

After confirming, the tool compares source and target information. The entire process consists of downloading all of the greater part source and target data and contrasting them based on specified criteria. As a matter of course, values from similarly named tables and columns are looked at. All tools support mapping column and table names. Sometimes, there is a chance to extract identity columns or to do some alternations before comparing values (round float types, ignore character case, treat NULL as an empty string, etc.) Data download is optimized. When the data capacity is high at that time just checksums are downloaded. This optimization is beneficial in major cases, however, time requirements for performing operations increase with the volume of information.


• Extra knowledge of SQL is not necessary and can be done via GUI.

• You have the ability to visually check contrasts between databases before synchronization.


• It’s an advanced feature of commercial products.

• Performance decreases when transferring enormous volumes of data.

• Generated SQL script which contains only differences, and thus it cannot be reused for automatically synchronization future data.

Source by Terry Hetson